Halloween, holiday observed on the evening of October 31
in most areas of North America and in some areas of Western Europe. The holiday
is symbolically associated with death and he supernatural. Halloween falls on
the eve of All Saints ’ Day, also known as Halloween or hallow man, a holy day
in the Roman Catholic AND Anglican churches. Originally a pagan festival of the
dead, All Saints’ Day was established by the Catholic Church in the 9th
century to honor Christian Saints. All souls’ day, a holy day established by
the Catholic Church in the 10th century, is also closely linked to
Halloween. All Souls’ Day, on November 2, is observed to help purify the
spirits of the dead. Halloween is historically related to similar folk holidays
celebrated in other countries. The of the Dead, a Mexican holiday that
coincides with All Souls’ day, blend Roman Catholic and Native America
traditions about the souls the dead, On the Day of the Dead, Mexican decorate
their homes with playful imagery of animated human skeletons, leave offerings
of food for wandering spirits, and tend the graves of their deceased relatives.
On Halloween many children dress in costumes and go from
house to house to ask for candy by saying “Trick or Treat!” the saying implies
that the children will play a trick on their neighbors if there are not given a
Saint Valentine’s Day, a holiday honoring lovers. It is celebrated
February 14 by the customs of sending greeting cards or gifts to express
affection, the cards, known as valentines, are often designed with hearts to
symbolize love. The holiday probably drives from the ancient Roman feast of
Lupercalis (February 15). The festival gradually became associated with the
feast day (February 14) of two Roman martyrs; both named St. Valentine, who
lived in the 3rd centaury. St. Valentine has traditionally been
regarded as the patron saint of lovers.
Thanksgiving Day, legal holiday observed annually in the United States
on the forth Thursday of November. In Canada, Thanksgiving falls on the
second Monday in October. Its origin probably traces to harvest festivals that
have been traditional in many parts of the world since ancient times. Today Thanksgiving
is mainly a celebration of domestic life, centered on home and family. Most
people celebrate Thanksgiving by gathering with family or friends for a holiday
Christmas, annual Christian holiday commemorating the
birth of Jesus Christ. Most members of the Roman Catholic Church and followers
of Protestantism celebrate Christmas on December 25, and many celebrate on the
evening of December 24 as well. Members of mist Orthodox churches around the
world also celebrate the holiday on December 25, some Orthodox Christians in Russia, Ukraine, the
holy land (the historic region of Palestine).
And elsewhere American
Church observe Christmas
on January 6. Following the unique custom of celebrating both the birth and
baptism of Christ on the same day.
The official Christmas season, popularly known as either
Christmastide or the Twelve Days of Christmas, extends from the anniversary of
Christ’s birth on December 25 to the feast of Epiphany in January 6. On the
Epiphany, some Catholics and Protestants celebrate the visit of the Magi while
Orthodox Christians, who call the feast Theophany, celebrate the baptism of
New Year’s Day
New Year’s Day, first day of the year, January 1 in the
Gregorian calendar. In the middle ages most European countries used the Julian
calendar and observed New Year’s day on March 25, called Annunciation Day and
celebrated as the occasion on which it was revealed to Mary that she should
give birth to the Son of God. With the introduction of the Gregorian calendar
in 1582. Roman Catholic countries began to celebrate New Year’s Day on January
accepted the Gregorian calendar in 1600; Germany, Denmark, and Sweden about
1700: and England
in 1752. Traditionally the day has been observed as a religious east. But in
modern times the arrival of the New Years has also become an occasion for spirited
celebration and the making of personal resolutions. The Jewish New Year s called Rosh Hashanah, or the
Feast of Trumpets, and is prescribed y the old Testament as a holy Sabbath, it
is celebrated (generally in September) on the first and second days of Tishri.
The Chinese celebrate New Year’s Day sometimes between January 1 and February
219 of the Gregorian calendar. It is their most important holiday.
Independence Day, or the Forth
of July, the most important national holiday in the united state. It
commemorates the formal adoption of the independence by the continental congress
on July 4, 1776,
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The declaration, written by a
committee headed buy Thomas Jefferson, is an eloquent statement of the American
colonies’ intention to become an independent nation. It broke the formal ties
between the colonies and Britain
after he ideals on which he nation was founded.
Although the singing of the declaration was not completed
until August 1776, the fourth of July holiday has been accepted as the official
anniversary of U.S.
independence. It was not declared a legal holiday until 1941, however. Today it
is celebrated in all states and territories of the United States.
The first celebration took place in Philadelphia on July 8, 1776, four day after declaration of
independence was adopted. On that day the declaration was read aloud, city
bells rang, and bands played. Within a few years the forth of July was observed
throughout most of the new nation, although until 1783 the city of Boston,
Massachusetts, commemorated independence Day on march 5, the date of the Boston
Massacre. An elaborate Forth of July
celebration was held in Philadelphia
in 1788, following the ratification of the constitution of the United States.
Several important U.S. projects were started on
Independence Day. Work on the Erie Canal in New York state began on July 4, 1828, July 4 was the
date selected in 1848 for laying the cornerstone of Washington Monument
in the U.S.
Independence Day celebrations today:
The forth of July is celebrated publicly with parades and
marching bands, patriotic speeches, and displays of fireworks. Many communities
have concerts that conclude with “the stars and stripes forever,” a patriotic
march and salute to the American flag composed by John Philip Sousa. Flags fly
from many buildings and homes, and some towns decorate public buildings in the
color of the flag: red, white, and blue.
Many American observe the Independence Day holiday by
having picnics, barbecues, or other outing with friend and family. Community
fireworks displays take place in the evening. The forth of July fireworks
displays in many large cities are broadcast on television.
By Mahsa Ebrahimi
نوشته شده در جمعه 18 بهمن1387ساعت 17:36  توسط صبا صفری